When I graduated, I did not look for jobs that required me to "roll up my sleeves" and do *real* emergency medicine. Contrary to what my colleagues seemed to believe, I realized that I was not quite ready to be a sole doctor in a small town ER, with no specialist support...trying to save lives. Emergency medicine is hard enough in a big city, at an academic institution, with every esoteric subspecialty at your beck and call. The real emergency medicine heroes are truly those docs who work out in Podunk, alone, and really have to do it all!!
So, my first job was at Kaiser. First in Southern California, then Northern California. Kaiser is a very "safe" emergency medicine job. All the patients are insured, they all have primary care physicians, and everything in the ER is protocoled. Oh yeah, and the patients cannot sue you! So if you follow the protocol, you're good. They have all the standard sub-specialists available, and the patients are not that sick. They receive no trauma, and many doctors are working at the same time. So you're not alone, nor are you overly concerned about being sued.
But Kaiser has many drawbacks...and for me was not my long term plan. What Kaiser offered me was...a transition from resident physician to attending physician (on the shallow end). After working at Kaiser, I felt a bit more confident. I actually carried some of their protocols with me, and those protocols allowed me to have "a plan" for patients in other institutions as soon as they presented.
Next, I practiced my wading skills by taking a job with a group who allowed me to work a bit slower at first, and hone my skills. See, the thing is, if you are "slow," you do not make enough money for the group to cover your hourly pay. This means that...the other doctors in the group are subsidizing you. Thankfully I found a wonderful group of docs in CEP to take me under their wing, and allow me to work at my own pace until I developed confidence and personal protocols. (CEP is a great group, but very site specific. Some sites are not willing to "deal with" new docs.) Also, CEP has many sites California, so being with them, I was able to "try" many different sites, and find one that worked for me.
It is common for ER docs to work at multiple sites - sometimes with multiple groups. After all, to have all of your eggs in one basket can be unsettling since we are all well aware of the inherent instability in group contracts and hospital adminstrators. But, working in multiple places allows the new doctor to realize characteristics that are pleasing to them, and those that are annoying.
I discovered that I am not a huge fan of working in hospitals where the clientele is "upper-class." The pay is better in these hospitals, but the patients are not as appreciative, and they are 'entitled' in a way that is really annoying to me. In comparison to rural or inner-city ERs, I find that the social issues in these rich suburbs are similar (such as drug addition, alcoholism, violence) but no one dares to acknowledge these issues lest we upset someone by even suggesting that these issues even exist in well-to-do communities.
Also, in these richer suburban ERs, everything is micromanaged. See, when things are 'perfect' at a facility, administrative hospital staff has to somehow 'justify their jobs' so they *create* problems to "fix." Sometimes these "problems" include...improving upon 99th percentile positive patient satisfaction scores ("let's have the doctors escort the patients to their cars to get that last percentile!") Or, "lets do away with triaging altogether, and promise patients we'll see them within 10 minutes of their ED arrival." Both are bad ideas...
In the inner-city, or out in Podunk, no one has the time or energy to micromanage. There are so many REAL issues for an already overwhelmed admin staff...that every idea is designed to help everyone be more efficient and decrease bad outcomes, period. It is understood that 100% patient satisfaction is not possible, or compatible with running an ER. It is understood that we are all doing the best we can, with what we have, and there is no need to "sell" a well functioning ER to a community. It will sell its self. When "customer service" interferes with the ability of the ER staff to perform their duties...ultimately everyone suffers. Unhappy staff that have better options, leave. Patients who are really sick are not recognized (as everyone caters to our "customers") and good medicine is not practiced as we try to appease every flight of idea a "customer" may have regarding their own care - even if they are wrong!
But I digress.
There are many variables that contribute to an ER docs job satisfaction. Money is a part of the equation. But more than money, is the work environment in total.
- Can I get a patient admitted, or is each admission request World War III?
- Will a surgeon or a cardiologist come in to see a sick patient on Sunday afternoon...or will that patient code and die overnight because they refused to see them?
- Will the laboratory run blood samples timely, or are they constantly "lost" or otherwise "insufficient"?
- Are the patients appreciative, or are they demanding you be their drug supplier?
- Is ER group more focused on pleasing hospital administration and patients, then getting "buy-in" from the physician members and practicing sound medicine?
- Are the ER group members more interested in making as much money as possible apiece than actually staffing the ER safely?
- Is the culture of the group to "cover" and switch shifts with each other to accommodate changes in life events, or is finding coverage impossible?
- Do you get to leave on time...or is it necessary to constantly stay late because of inefficiencies in hospital staff...or colleagues who are unwilling to take a sign-out?
- How many nights, weekends, holidays do I have to work...and how are they divided?
- Is the schedule maker respectful of physicians, or are they just pawns who are "in charge of the pencils?"
- Are my schedule requests acknowledged?
- How far in advance does the schedule come out?
- How many patients am I expected to see per hour?
- Are there mid-levels available?
- Is the hospital so close to my house that I bump into patients in the grocery store - and does that bother me?
- What are the nurses like? Do they play well with others...or is everyday a battle?
- Does the hospital allow you to eat in the cafeteria for free? - this is actually a bigger deal than you might think!
- Parking, and call-room access (to take a nap after a long overnight shift before attempted to drive home in rush hour traffic) also demonstrates to physicians their value, and shows appreciation by the hospital admin for the services you're providing at 2am!
- Are you going to be alone in the hospital at times (running ICU codes, delivering babies and such) in addition to managing your ED - and how do you feel about that?
- How long are the shifts? 12 hours? 7 hours?
- How are patient complaints handled? Are you guilty until you prove your innocence? Is every frivolous dissatisfied patient's letter taken seriously? Sometimes, a complaint does not need to be passed on. Sometimes, a patient will write a letter, and a polite response can be given, because their gripe is clearly not with inappropriate medical treatment.
And these are just a few of the questions that came to my mind in the moment! And each of these issues contributes to physician happiness with a group, and at a site. Getting with "your type of people" is a process of trial and error. And after a few different experiences, I realize that my personality fits best in groups who are a bit more authentic in their practice and in their lives. And this...this attribute tends to be more often present in 'non-rich' communities. I feel more like a real doctor, making a real difference in communities that represent where I came from.
So now, I'm happy working in Podunk, with my lovely nurses...and appreciative patients. I am now on the deep end, swimming without undue fear as an ER doctor 6 years out of residency. As I developed my confidence, I was able to trust my staff more, and rely on them without feeling judged or inadequate (which is huge). I am the only doc in the entire hospital at times (much of the time)...and am responsible for any acute issues that arise. My consultants are fantastic (and NICE), they don't bitch and complain about working...and transfers are not very complicated or time-consuming. I get to eat in the cafeteria for free...and it is not too close to my home where the bank teller recognizes me as the doctor who treated her daughter 2 weeks ago (that was uncomfortable)!
Most docs do not expect perfection in a job...but there are certainly some that are closer to our personal ideal than others.
Finally, (I think) I've found my ideal ER doctor job :)